Brussels (BE)

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Brussels is the capital of Belgium. The Brussels-Capital Region (one of the 3 Regions since the 1989 administrative reform) includes 19 municipalities (communes, gemeenten), with a population of 1,138,854 in 2013.

Postmarks history before 1950[edit]

The BRUXELLES post-office opened before 1830. It used a postal code 24 with bars (before 1864), and 60 with points before 1870. Sub-offices before 1910 were (in alphabetical order) Rue Blaes, Boulevard d'Anvers, Est, Exposition, Josaphat, Législatif, Luxembourg, Midi, Nord, Ouest, Palais de Justice, Place de la Chapelle, Place des Gueux,, Porte de Flandre, Quartier Léopold, Quartier Louise, Rue Cuerens, Rue de la Chancellerie, Rue de la Chapelle, Rue de la Loi, Rue Ducale, Rue du Taciturne, Rue Joseph II, Rue Rogier and Sud-Ouest.

Leopold I period[edit]

Covers in 1830-1849 period[edit]

Prephilately. To be noted, a double circle, rather than a linear postmark.

Green double-circle cancelled in 1836 to Lessines (Hainaut).


Leopold I period[edit]

Code 24 in 18 thin horizontal bars on 1849 first stamp issue.
Same on the 10c, 1850 issue.
Same on the 20c, 1850 issue.
Code 24, larger bars on a 1851 issue.
Postmark Essay with 26 lines in October 1855.
60 within points since April 1864.

Leopold II period[edit]

BRUXELLES in 1881.

In 1883, the 14 services (functions) within Brussels post-office were given a number: 5 Service des départs for exemple. Full names were preferred starting 1893 Effets de commerce for 7, etc.

Service 1 - Arrivées[edit]
BRUXELLES -..1 in 1884ca.
BRUXELLES 1 in 1905.
Service 3 - Objets enregistrés[edit]
BRUXELLES 3 in 1886ca.
Service 5 - Départs[edit]
BRUXELLES 5 in March 1893, COB45.
BRUXELLES 5 in March 1893, COB46.
BRUXELLES 5 in 1899.
BRUXELLES DEPART in January 1900.
BRUXELLES DEPART in March 1900.
Service 7 - Effets de commerce[edit]
BRUXELLES 7 in 1885.
BRUXELLES 7 in 1888.
BRUXELLES 7 in 1898.
Effets de commerce in 1909.
Service 11 - Quittances - dépôt[edit]
Quittances- D.. in 1900.
Quittances-Dépôt in 1907.

Albert I period[edit]

Postmarks are bilingual after 1910 (?). See also below (municipalities).

BRUXELLES 1 in 1910.
BRÜSSEL in 1917, German occupation.
Brussels 10 in 1917.
Brussels 2A in 1920.
Brussels 4 in 1920.
Brussels 12 in 1920.
Brussels 5L in 1930.
Brussels 2 on issue 1935.

Cards[edit]

Card in 1918 with small circle 61
Railway - Postal Parcels[edit]

Postmarks placed on parcels (Colis in French): it does not mean that there was a railway station at the location. It can be a re-distribution office.

BRUXELLES 7 Rue Ursulines in 1913.
BRUXELLES Rue Chartreux 14 in 1921.
BRUXELLES Rue Chartreux 10 in 1922.
Brussels 5H in 1933.
TT WIETHAUS in 1933.

Leopold III period[edit]

Double circle Bxl 1 in 1937.
Bilingual circle Bxl 1B 1A in 1939.
DC Brussels 1 - French/Dutch in 1948.

Cards[edit]

BRÜSSEL * 1 a 1914
Postcard with Slogan Cancel from Bruxelles/Brussel-1, August 1926.
Censored card in August 1943 to Bruxelles (Anderlecht). Postmarks Bxl G4G and H4H (why 2?).

Railway - Postal Parcels[edit]

Postmarks placed on parcels (Colis in French).

Ellipse BRUXELLES-BRUSSEL TT 1 in 1936.

Postmarks after 1950[edit]

In 1969, the postal cantons of Brussels (1 to 20) were attributed postal codes 1000 to 1200. See Brussels xy (BE) pages for more details.

Brussels sub-offices[edit]

Function or location to be determined.

Bxl 22 in 1956.
Bxl 22 in 1975.
Bxl 23 in 1995.
Bxl 24 in 1999.
Bxl 25 in 1997.
Bxl T in 1993.
Bxl W-W in 1986.

Brussels X[edit]

BRUXELLES-BRUSSEL X (not 10) is used as a centralized treatment office, now located in Anderlecht.

DC X BRUXELLES X BRUSSEL in July 1955.
DC X BRUXELLES X BRUSSEL in December 1955.
DC in 1960 with slogan.
DC X BRUXELLES X BRUSSEL in 1961.
DC BRUSSEL-BRUXELLES X in 1973.
With slogan DACHAU 1933-1945-1980.

Douane[edit]

BRUXELLES-BRUSSEL - Douane in 1986.

Railway - Postal Parcels[edit]

MIDI-ZUID in 1966.


Brussels city sub-offices opened before 1910[edit]

Sorted by opening date.

Midi (Zuid)[edit]

This BRUXELLES MIDI office opened on 15 October 1861. It used a postal code 62 with points in 1864-1874 period.

Hexagone in 1885.
Hexagone in 1889.
Railway BRUXELLES-MIDI 3 A in 1891.
BRUXELLES (MIDI) DEPART in 1906.
Bilingual in 1912.
Railway BRUXELLES-MIDI N°21 in 1913.

Nord (Noord)[edit]

This BRUXELLES NORD office opened on 15 October 1861. It used a postal code 63 with points in the 1864-1870 period.

63 on a 1865 issue.
Railway Hexagonal Postmark in 1898.
Circle in French in 1906 (?).
Railway Hexagonal in 1910.
French - Dutch in 1938.
Double circle in 1948.

BRUXELLES NORD RAILWAY, The office was attached to the Brussels North Railway station and dealt with parcel railway post.

BRUXELLES NORD 45 in 1924.

Est (Ixelles)[edit]

This BRUXELLES-EST office opened on 30 November 1861. It used a postal code 61 with points in the 1864-1873 period.

In 1894 on the 1884 issue.
In 1900 on the 1893 issue.

Luxembourg[edit]

This BRUXELLES-LUXEMBOURG office opened on 24 September 1867. It used a postal code 424 with points before March 1873.

In 1894 on the 1894 issue.

Rue de la Chancellerie[edit]

This BRUXELLES (R.CHANCELLERIE) office opened on 3 May 1875.

On the 1893 issue.

Sud-Ouest[edit]

This BRUXELLES (SUD-OUEST) office opened on 15 June 1879.

In 1906.

Législatif[edit]

This BRUXELLES (LEGISLATIF) office opened on 15 January 1881.

In 1894.
In 1899 (?).

Porte de Flandre[edit]

See Brussels 8 (BE) - Molenbeek.

Rue Ducale[edit]

This R. DUCALE office opened on 19 December 1905.

In 1910 on Charity stamp issue.
DEPART in 1910.

Heizel[edit]

The HEYSEL post-office opened on 26 June 1907.

Railway Postmark HEYZEL CONTENTIEUX in 1920.

Duquesnoy[edit]

This office has the name of a street close to current Central sation. Opening date to be determined.

Hexagonal on the Railway 1882 issue, in 1891.

Central[edit]

Opening date to be determined. The North South underground jonction was inaugurated in 1952.

Railway frame in 1932 on a normal stamp.

Sainte Marie[edit]

Was a Station de chemin de fer vicinal in Brussels.

Stampset.png - Railway Postmark in 1913.

Brussels - 19 Municipalities[edit]

Brussel - Bruxelles City[edit]

The City of Brussels (Brussels 1) consists of the central historic town and certain additional areas within the greater Brussels-Capital Region, namely Haren, Laeken and Neder-Over-Heembeek to the north, and Avenue Louise and the Bois de la Cambre park to the south. At first, the City of Brussels was simply defined, being the area within the second walls of Brussels, the modern-day small ring. As the city grew, the surrounding villages grew as well, eventually growing into a contiguous city, though the local governments retained control of their area. The construction of Avenue Louise was commissioned in 1847 as a monumental avenue bordered by chestnut trees that would allow easy access to the popular recreational area of the Bois de la Cambre. However, fierce resistance to the project was put up by the town of Ixelles (which was then still separate from Brussels) through whose land the avenue was supposed to run. After years of fruitless negotiations, Brussels finally annexed the narrow band of land needed for the avenue plus the Bois de la Cambre itself in 1864. That decision accounts for the unusual southeastern protrusion of the City of Brussels and for Ixelles being split in two separate parts.

Postal codes 1000, 1010 (Administrative state city), 1020 (Laeken) since 1969.

Brussels 1 - 1000 in 1985.

BRUSSEL-BRUXELLES 1[edit]

Bilingual Dutch-French or French-Dutch, opposite.

Albert I period[edit]
DC in 1910 on Charity stamp issue.
Circle Office 1A in 1913.
Circle Office 1B in 1920.
DC in 1931 with welfare slogan.

BRUXELLES-BRUSSEL[edit]

Bilingual French-Dutch.

Baudouin period[edit]
DC BRUXELLES-BRUSSEL 0 C in 1963.
Albert I period[edit]
Circle BRUXELLES-BRUSSEL B 1 T in 1922.

Brussel 10 Bruxelles[edit]

Bilingual in 1912.

Schaerbeek - Schaarbeek 1030[edit]

See Brussels 3 (BE) for expansion.

Etterbeek 1040[edit]

See Brussels 4 (BE) for details.

Ixelles - Elsene 1050[edit]

See Brussels 5 (BE) for expansion.

Molenbeek 1080[edit]

See Brussels 8 (BE) for a postal history.

Jette 1090[edit]

See Brussels 9 (BE) for a postal history.

1130[edit]

Haren[edit]

Stampset.png - Railway Postmark

Vorst - Forest - 1190[edit]

See Brussels (19) BE for a postal history.

St. Joost-ten-Node 1210[edit]

See Brussels 21 (BE) for a postal history.

Railway Post Offices Ambulants - Spoorwegtrajecten[edit]

They operated between 1849 and ...

Noord - Nord[edit]

Oost - Est[edit]

Brussels Box cancel with travelling (par l'ambulant) postmarks of EST 3 Svend Waever in 1889.

Zuid - Midi[edit]

MIDI 3 in 1886.

West - Ouest[edit]

OUEST 1 in 1886.

Covers[edit]

Brussels to Paris in 1877.
Brussels 5 to Bournemouth, GB (front) in 1889.